Snakes Statues

Snakes Statues

Snakes Statues

Snakes are elongated, limbless, carnivorous reptiles of the suborder Serpentes. Like all other squamates, snakes are ectothermic, amniote vertebrates covered in overlapping scales. Many species of snakes have skulls with several more joints than their lizard ancestors, enabling them to swallow prey much larger than their heads with their highly mobile jaws. To accommodate their narrow bodies, snakes’ paired organs (such as kidneys) appear one in front of the other instead of side by side, and most have only one functional lung. Some species retain a pelvic girdle with a pair of vestigial claws on either side of the cloaca. Lizards have evolved elongate bodies without limbs or with greatly reduced limbs about 25 times independently via convergent evolution, leading to many lineages of legless lizards. These resemble snakes, but several common groups of legless lizards have eyelids and external ears, which snakes lack, although this rule is not universal (see Amphisbaenia, Dibamidae, and Pygopodidae).

Living snakes are found on every continent except Antarctica, and on most smaller land masses, exceptions include some large islands, such as Ireland, Iceland, Greenland, the Hawaiian Archipelago, and the islands of New Zealand, as well as many small islands of the Atlantic and central Pacific oceans. Additionally, sea snakes are widespread throughout the Indian and Pacific oceans. More than 20 families are currently recognized, comprising about 520 genera and about 3,900 species. They range in size from the tiny, 10.4 cm-long (4.1 in) Barbados threadsnake to the reticulated python of 6.95 meters (22.8 ft) in length. The fossil species Titanoboa cerrejonensis was 12.8 meters (42 ft) long. Snakes are thought to have evolved from either burrowing or aquatic lizards, perhaps during the Jurassic Period, with the earliest known fossils dating to between 143 and 167 Mln ago. The diversity of modern snakes appeared during the Paleocene epoch (66 to 56 Mln ago, after the Cretaceous-Paleogene extinction event). The oldest preserved descriptions of snakes can be found in the Brooklyn Papyrus.

Most species of snake are nonvenomous and those that have venom use it primarily to kill and subdue prey rather than for self-defense. Some possess venom that is potent enough to cause painful injury or death to humans. Nonvenomous snakes either swallow prey alive or kill by constriction. The English word Snake comes from Old English Snaca, itself from Proto-Germanic *snak-an- (Germanic Schnakering snake“, Swedish Snokgrass snake“), from Proto-Indo-European root *(s)nēg-o-to crawl to creep“, which also gave sneak as well as Sanskrit nāgásnake“. The word ousted adder, as adder went on to narrow in meaning, though in Old English næddre was the general word for snake. The other term, Serpent, is from French, ultimately from Indo-European *serp-to creep“, which also gave Ancient Greek ἕρπω (hérpō) “I crawl“.


Snakes Statues on Amazon.

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Snakes Statues is part of the Animals Statues page.


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