X-Men Graphic Novels Kindle eBooks
The X-Men are a group of mutant superheroes, protagonists of various comic series published by the US publisher Marvel Comics. Created by artist/co-plotter Jack Kirby and writer/editor Stan Lee, the characters first appeared in The X-Men #1 (September 1963) and formed one of the most recognizable and successful franchises of Marvel Comics, appearing in numerous books, television shows, films, and video games. In the Marvel Universe, mutants are humans who are born with natural superhuman abilities, and most normal humans fear and hate them. The X-Men are a paramilitary group of mutants that fights for peace and equality between normal humans and mutants. They are led by Charles Xavier, also known as Professor X, a powerful telepath. Professor X runs a school for mutant children out of his mansion in Westchester, New York, which secretly is also the headquarters of the X-Men. The X-Men’s archenemy is Magneto, a mutant with magnetic abilities who leads a mutant supremacist group known as the Brotherhood of Mutants. The series’ creator and fans have suspected that Marvel Comics copied the basic concept of Doom Patrol from DC Comics to create the X-Men, which debuted a few months later, but other fans also speculate that they share similarities with another Marvel superhero team, The Fantastic 4.
Initially the group consisted of five adolescents, mutants following a particular genetic mutation called gene-X, the result of an alteration of the DNA, which endowed them since birth of extraordinary abilities such as reading minds or flying. Precisely for these abilities, mutants are despised and marginalized by those who see them as a potential danger to the survival of the human race. The X-Men are the subject of extensive merchandising, and have inspired cartoon series, television series, video games and numerous blockbuster films. The creators of the series were inspired by the Doom Patrol, a group of young superheroes published by the competitor DC Comics who because of their superpowers were marginalized just like the young mutants of Marvel. The same inspiration also for creating the character of Charles Xavier, mentor and founder of the X-Men, which corresponds almost perfectly to the figure of Niles Caulder, an engineer without the use of his legs and forced to move in a wheelchair, however capable of driving the 3 young people in their missions. Starting from the Doom Patrol, Lee creates his group by lowering the average age of the members and replaces the powers obtained through incredible accidents with those due to genetic mutations.
Time rewarded Lee’s choices: the X-Men were far more successful than the Doom Patrol. Originally the comic should have been titled “The Mutants” but Lee’s proposal was met with a question: “Who knows what mutants are?“. Then “X-Men” was chosen whose X characteristic was then taken up by the various mutant groups subsequently formed as X-Factor, X-Force, Excalibur and others. Central themes of the comic were fear of diversity, racial hatred and discrimination. It is no coincidence that the first enemy of the X-Men, Magneto, in addition to being a mutant is also a Jew who spent a few years of his childhood in a concentration camp where he saw his parents die victims of the discrimination that now affects him and her. Its species defined by scientists as Homo Sapiens Superior. Over the years the comic lost popularity until it was decided to relaunch it in May 1975 by Chris Claremont who, by exploiting the fundamentals created by Stan Lee and his successors and adding new elements such as love relationships and psychological insights, managed to create a huge success to the series that became one of Marvel’s bestsellers. Over time, new characters and new titles were introduced.
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X-Men Graphic Novels – Wiki